Local ethnic inequalities: Ethnic differences in education, employment, health and housing in districts of England and Wales, 2001-2011

Author: Finney, Nissa & Lymperopoulou, Kitty

Publisher: Runnymede Trust

Publication date: December 2014

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This project has produced measures of ethnic inequality for local authority areas across England and Wales in 2001 and 2011 for indicators of education, employment, health and housing and analysed change in local ethnic inequalities, based on census data. It found that ethnic inequalities in education, employment, health and housing are widespread in England and Wales and persistent since 2000. Ethnic inequality in housing is the most widespread across districts in England and Wales of the four dimensions of inequality considered in this study.

Housing inequality for the Black group has worsened between 2001 and 2011 in terms of the average level of absolute inequality in overcrowding across districts and the proportion of districts with a higher incidence of overcrowding compared with the White British group. In all districts in England and Wales in 2011 ethnic minority groups had higher levels of overcrowding than the White British, although there is some evidence that there are fewer districts with extreme housing inequality in 2011 compared with 2001.

Local ethnic inequalities in housing are measured as the difference between the proportion of households in overcrowded accommodation for White British and ethnic minority groups in a district.  Ethnic inequalities are found in districts across England and Wales, where there are small and large minority populations with high and low deprivation levels. Addressing inequality is not purely an issue for authorities with diverse and poor populations.